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396                 HISTORY OF PERSIA                 CHAP.
pursuance of this object he had urged Zaman Shah to
invade the Panjab.    Tippu was fortunately killed at the
fall of Seringapatam, in 1798, but this success did not
cause  Wellesley to  relax  his   precautions  towards  the
north, more especially as he was aware of negotiations
which were being conducted with the Afghan Amir, by
Vizier All of Oude and other powerful Indians, including
Hindu Rajahs.    To combat these dangerous intrigues the
Governor-General instructed Mehdi Ali Khan, a natural-
ized Persian who was acting as the Company's Resident
at Bushire, "to take measures for inducing the Court
of Persia to keep Shah Zaman in perpetual check (so as
to preclude him from returning to India), but without
any decided act of hostility."    The success of this policy
of  inducing Persia   to  intervene in  Afghanistan  was
already assured.    Zaman   Shah about  this  period  had
instructed his Vizier to send an envoy to Haji Ibrahim
with a demand that his master should surrender Khorasan
to Afghanistan.    This  demand   naturally irritated   the
young Shah, who dictated a reply to the effect that it was
his intention to restore the eastern boundaries of Persia
to  the condition which  had  existed  under  the  Safavi
dynasty.   In other words, the independence of Afghanistan
was to be swept away, Herat, Kandahar, and Kabul being
all included in the Safavi Empire.    Path Ali Shah held
good cards, for two of Zaman Shah's brothers, Mahmud
and Firuz, had taken refuge with the " Asylum of the
Universe.7'     In 1798   these princes were sent with a
Persian force to Afghanistan ; but little was effected.    In
the following year Path Ali Shah took the field in person.
He led an army into Khorasan to punish the governors
and chiefs who had rebelled.    There  he  received  an
embassy from Zaman Shah requesting him to return to
Teheran ; and to this he tamely agreed, on condition that
the Amir's fugitive brothers should be well received in
Afghanistan.    The actual result of the Persian military
operations was slight, but the consequent retirement of
Zaman Shah from Lahore to Peshawar, in order that he
might be ready to fight if necessary, relieved the Afghan
pressure on India.